Blogs

Featured Create an Ad

Pre-independence and post-independence Nigerian education

  • One issue that students of education are often asked to debate is the systematic difference between pre-independence and post-independence Nigerian education. Scholars’ opinion varies as to whether a fundamental distinction exists between the two systems. Despite having been transformed (formally) in practice, the post-independence Nigerian education appears to be much similar in principle with that of pre-independence period. They share common philosophical objectives, which ultimately define the curriculum contents. If at all they differ, could be in some aspects of instructional methods, and to some extent, organization and management. By and large, they both are systems characterised by time and space.

    Here are some of the areas the two systems compare:

    1. Philosophical aims and objectives

    The Nigerian education during the pre-independence era was basically a system designed to inculcate into the child the norms and values of the society that would help him understand and mingle well with the society. The system was often described as traditional and informal. In addition to values, it was meant to provide the child with the necessary vocational skills or training imperative to his needs and that of the society. There was a focus on basic knowledge of arts, numeracy, language and literature for advancing the cause of the society.

    The post-independence system, on the other hand, emphasized the development of individual’s moral capacity, integration into the society and provision for equal opportunities and skills that would allow for a positive contribution to the development of the nation.

    It is, therefore, clear that the education system in both the two eras has shared a mutual vision, most especially in the in the aspect of grooming the child not only to understand the norms and values of the society but also to promote them. They are also common in the aspect of skills acquisition. The post-independence era seemed to overemphasize knowledge though. The overall goal of both was to prepare the child morally, intellectual and skilfully to face the future challenges of the society.

    2. Curriculum content

    In principle, curriculum content is determined by the set goals and objectives of an education system. So, having already discussed the fact that their objectives share a common vision, then it’s pertinent here to say that their contents will surely have more things in common, especially in providing the learner with different skills or fields of study. The only major difference is that post-independence is knowledge-focused while pre-independence was skill-focused or vocationally oriented. It also includes less spiritual and moral lessons that the pre-independence period.

    3. Methods of instruction

    The methods of instruction in the pre-independence education were basically learning by doing, storytelling and memorization. Up until today, learning by doing is still enshrined into the Nigeria’s education policy as one of the most effective pedagogical processes. The other two (storytelling and memorization) are equally practised by the post-independence system, especially in teaching young learners. Nature of learning remains obvious and probably the only difference that exists between the two eras. While pre-independence learning was done with much rigour and prescription, sometimes involving corporal punishment, the post-independence is characterised by strategic and learner-centred methods.

    4. Organization and management

    The pre-independence education is often described as ‘informal’ due to a lack of clear organizational structures and documentations, which are the major characteristics that qualify post-independence education to be termed ‘formal.’ However, if critically looked, all these characteristics were inherent in the pre-independence era. There were different learning stages and environments. Students designedly specialized in different vocations over a defined period, and graduations were celebrated as a mark of accomplishment. Despite there was certainly little or no documentation of all these stages and processes, it still was clear the formal features of post-independence were integral of the pre-independence system.

    In conclusion, therefore, it can be argued that the two systems of education share common fundamental issues that have to do with learning societal values and preparing the child to be an independent and useful citizen.

Recent Blogs

  • 11 time management hacks for students

    Posted Mar 8

    Everyone has the same 24 hours every day, but it appears some students are more productive than others. In fact, it’s not common to hear students blaming colleges and institutions for being hard on them. Sometimes, they go as far as blaming their school for not gi...

  • Everyone is unique: Here is how to discover and embrace your uniqueness

    Posted Mar 5

    It is indeed a beautiful thing to present this unique article to you who is a unique reader, a unique person, so to say. Can I share the truth with us all? It is in our uniqueness that our greatness lies. An Author and millionaire quoted "to be great, you must be truly ...

  • What do you know about the violence against persons (prohibition) act?

    Posted Feb 27

    On the 25th of November 2019, a standstill rally was organized by a group of courageous young Nigerians in a bid to get the Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act domesticated in all states. This heroic act, however, was met with criticism which may have resulted fr...

  • Rough Diamonds: Chapter One

    Posted Feb 27

    Torn trousers, worn-out shoes, undersized, dirty T-shirts, uncombed hair and a generally unkempt appearance. These introduce them before they even speak or extend their arms for alms. But Mukhtar Sadiq wants the world to know that he is different. 'I speak English,&rsq...

View All

Random Blogs

  • Five productive things to do after work

    Posted September 8, 2018

    Working in the cities (especially cities in the third world countries) can be hectic. For instance, an average employee in Lagos, Nigeria wakes up 5 am to prepare for work, gets to work by 7 am, and doesn’t return until around 8 pm. In between these hours, he spen...

  • Simple and practical ways to develop an introductory paragraph of an essay

    Posted January 24, 2019

    Paragraph, if you will, is the macro building block of an essay, which makes success in composition writing comprehensively dependent on good paragraph development. Introductory paragraph, in particular, is so important because besides being the springboard upon which y...

  • 8 effective ways to use technology to increase productivity

    Posted September 4, 2018

    With the latest development in technology, it has become a common perception that productivity should be on the rise. However, according to the research conducted by authentic business organizations, some contradicting results were obtained. Till the latest advancements...

  • Commercialization of Christmas: Yay or nay?

    Posted December 20, 2018

    To most of us, the term ‘commercialization’ is a dirty word. It is associated with mindlessly amassing wealth and the picture always conjured in our heads is of a greedy-looking man, holding on to so many gold trinkets while still snarling and grabbing some ...

View All