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Three common sleep disorders and their ICD-10 codes

Three common sleep disorders and their ICD-10 codes
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The blog discusses in detail three common sleep disorders and their related ICD-10 codes. 

Sleep disorders can directly affect a person’s overall health and quality of life. Good sleep is essential to maintain optimal health. Any disorder associated with sleep can significantly affect hormone levels, mood, body weight and increase the risk of other health problems. Common signs and symptoms associated with these sleep disorders include – excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing or increased movement during sleep. There are different types of sleep disorders – each grouped under specific categories that explain or give reasons on why these conditions occur or how they affect an individual’s quality of life. Sleep medicine specialists who treat patients need to correctly diagnose the symptoms, causes and understand the various types of sleep disorders. To code the diagnosis and treatments correctly, they can rely on reputable medical coding companies.

Here discussed are three common sleep disorders and their ICD-10 codes:

Parasomnia – A common sleep disorder, parasomnia causes abnormal behavior that interrupts the normal sleeping pattern. The behavior can occur during any stage of sleep like – before or during sleeping including the transition from wakefulness to sleeping and vice versa. This sleeping disorder may occur due to various causes such as stress, anxiety, usage of certain medications, irregular sleep schedules and certain neurological conditions. Patients suffering from parasomnia may experience symptoms such as waking up confused or disoriented, not remembering doing certain activities, abnormal movements, talks, difficulty expressing emotions and difficulty sleeping throughout the night. Parasomnia treatment depends on the type and severity, and may include a combination of modalities like medications, cognitive behavioral therapy and maintaining a regular sleep schedule. The ICD-10 codes for parasomnia include –

  • G47.5 Parasomnia
  • G47.50 …… unspecified
  • G47.51 Confusional arousals
  • G47.52 REM sleep behavior disorder
  • G47.53 Recurrent isolated sleep paralysis
  • G47.54 …… in conditions classified elsewhere
  • G47.59 Other parasomnia
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Insomnia – This common sleep disorder can make it hard for a person to fall asleep, hard to stay asleep, or cause them to wake up too early and not be able to get back to sleep. People may still feel tired when they wake up. The condition is classified into two types such as acute and chronic. Usage of certain medicines, excessive intake of alcohol, use of nicotine, stress, mental problems and so on pave the way to this condition. The ICD-10 codes for insomnia include –

  • G47 Sleep Disorders
  • G47.0 Insomnia
  • G47.00 …… unspecified
  • G47.00 …… unspecified
  • G47.00 …… unspecified

Sleep Apnea – A potentially serious sleep disorder, sleep apnea occurs when the breathing gets interrupted while sleeping. This results in sudden awakening even from deep sleep. The symptoms of sleep apnea include – loud snoring, gasping for air during sleep, awakening with a dry mouth, excessive daytime sleepiness and difficulty paying attention while awake. If left untreated, the condition would lead to more health-related issues such as blood pressure and heart attack. The ICD-10 codes for sleep apnea include –

  • G47.3 Sleep apnea
  • G47.30 …… unspecified
  • G47.31 Primary central sleep apnea
  • G47.32 High altitude periodic breathing
  • G47.33 Obstructive sleep apnea (adult) (pediatric)
  • G47.34 Idiopathic sleep related nonobstructive alveolar hypoventilation
  • G47.35 Congenital central alveolar hypoventilation syndrome
  • G47.36 Sleep related hypoventilation in conditions classified elsewhere
  • G47.37 Central sleep apnea in conditions classified elsewhere
  • G47.39 Other sleep apnea

If patients experience any abnormal sleep-related behaviors (especially those associated with sleep disruption), they need to immediately contact a sleep specialist. Maintaining a normal sleep schedule is important to get enough sleep.

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Allergy and sleep medicine medical billing and coding can be challenging. Physicians can consider hiring medical coding services as this would ensure accurate reporting of diagnostic details and help avoid delayed / denied claims.

Rajeev Rajagopal

Rajeev Rajagopal

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